We know that those rosy, red cheeks may look really cute on your little bundle of joy. Sometimes the redness on the baby’s cheeks is natural, or caused by an increase in the blood flow but it can sometimes be a sign of certain skin conditions. To help you figure out what might be causing redness on your baby’s cheek, we have listed down some of the most common skin conditions, effective treatment options available to manage the conditions, and when to consult a doctor. What Causes Redness On Baby’s Cheeks? 1. Eczema Eczema is one of the common chronic skin conditions experienced by babies. Even though people of all ages can experience it, most people experience it before the age of 5. It is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. These factors disrupt the skin's natural barrier causing the skin to become itchy, dry, and prone to eczema. Babies who have a family history of eczema, asthma, and hay fever are more likely to develop it. It appears as red, dry patches of skin that may be very rough to touch and cause itching. In babies, it is more common on \tForehead \tCheeks \tChin \tInside and outside of elbows and knees \tHands Eczema in babies is usually characterized by the following symptoms \tRed rashes (red in lighter skin tones and purple or brown in darker skin tones) \tDry skin \tItchy skin \tSkin inflammation \tScaling and cracking of skin \tBlisters that may ooze (in severe cases) How To Get Rid Of Eczema Some babies may outgrow their eczema while the rest have to experience it throughout their life as eczema flare-ups. If your baby is experiencing eczema also known as atopic dermatitis then these are the first steps in management: \tCleansing Use a mild, and gentle cleanser to bathe them. Cleaning the skin will exfoliate and remove excess dead skin cells. Choose a non-soap cleanser that is free from harsh chemicals such as fragrance, dye, alcohol, and sulfates. You can choose Happy Cappy’s Daily Shampoo face wash, and body wash for soothing dry, itchy, sensitive, eczema-prone skin in babies. It contains ingredients like Oatmeal Extract and licorice Root Extract that help soothe and hydrate skin. \tMoisturizing Dryness is a key symptom of eczema, which is caused due to skin barrier dysfunction. The best way to manage dry, irritated, and itchy skin associated with eczema is by moisturizing it. \tMoisturize your baby’s skin at least twice daily. \tMoisturize after you bathe them, the skin can absorb more moisture at that time. To learn more about ways to treat baby eczema read our blog. To moisturize your baby’s skin use an eczema cream that contains natural ingredients and helps soothe dry, itchy, eczema-prone skin. 2. Dry Skin Dry skin is one of the most common factors that causes dry, chapped, red cheeks in babies. This dryness is usually caused when there is a lack of adequate moisture in the skin. Two common factors that trigger dry skin in babies are dry air due to central heating, air conditioning, and arid weather conditions. The areas of skin that come in contact with dry air are more prone to becoming dry such as cheeks, lips, and hands. It can lead to \tItching \tIrritation \tChapped skin \tRough to touch \tRed rashes If proper care and attention are not given then dry skin can lead to cracked skin that could even bleed. How To Treat Dry Skin In Babies The best way to manage dry skin in babies is by \tMoisturizing Keep the baby’s skin moisturized at all times, especially during the winter. Moisturize at least twice a day or every time after you wash their face or body. Moisturize baby’s skin before going out in dry winter air. \tUse A Humidifier This may help and won't hurt…If your baby’s skin is becoming dry due to dry air in your house or in their room, then use a humidifier to keep the air moist. Especially during the night, skin loses more moisture, so use a humidifier in their room to prevent dry skin. 3. Baby Acne Babies can develop acne just like adults do. In babies under the age of 3 months, this acne is referred to as neonatal acne if your baby develops it after the age of 3 months it is classified as infantile acne. It is believed to be caused by hormones that are passed down to the baby from the mother at the time of birth. Or by Malassezia fungus that is naturally present on the skin. It can cause redness on the baby’s cheeks. Baby acne usually appears on the cheeks, forehead, chin, and neck. It is characterized by \tRedness \tWhiteheads \tRaised bumps How To Get Rid Of Baby Acne If your baby is experiencing baby acne then the best thing to do is be patient and keep your baby’s skin clean. Baby acne usually goes away on its own in a few weeks or months. \tKeep the baby’s skin clean with a gentle cleanser. \tDon't pick at or pop baby’s pimples \tDon’t use acne medications for adults on babies. \tAcne persisting beyond 3 months of age should be seen by a pediatric dermatologist. 4. Contact Dermatitis When the baby’s skin comes in contact with something that irritates the skin such as harsh chemicals in soaps, body wash, shampoo, and detergents. It can cause red patches on the baby’s face. This is known as contact dermatitis or irritant contact dermatitis. It is one of the most common types of eczema. It can also develop when your baby rubs their face and cheeks against the carpet, playmat, or car seat. Rubbing their cheeks against these things can irritate, and cause a red rash on the face. What To Do If your baby is experiencing contact dermatitis then look for what might be causing it. \tUse detergents that do not contain harsh chemicals to wash your baby’s clothes. \tTry using fragrance-free, paraben-free, and gluten-free baby skincare products. \tIf a new baby product or detergent is irritating the baby’s skin, discontinue its use. \tTry to avoid baby rubbing their skin against harsh surfaces. 5. Teething Rash When the babies are teething they tend to drool a lot. The drool can irritate the skin around their mouth, cheeks, and chin. This drool rash can cause redness on the baby’s cheeks. It also appears as a red, bumpy rash. It is often accompanied by other symptoms of teething such as \tFussiness \tSlight fever \tChewing on things \tSwelling inside the mouth How To Manage Teething Rash To manage drool rash keep a few things in mind \tKeep your baby’s skin dry with the help of a soft cloth. \tClean the baby’s face with a gentle cleanser. \tPat dry the baby’s face instead of rubbing or wiping. \tAfter removing the drool (with a cleanser and rinsing) from the face, moisturize the skin with a moisturizer. 6. Hives Hives are scientifically known as urticaria. The rash that it causes on a baby’s cheeks is called urticarial rash. It is a skin reaction that might be caused by several reasons such as \tSunlight \tViral infection \tExtreme weather \tFood allergy \tPressure on the skin. When the baby’s skin comes in contact with any of these allergens, the immune system in the body releases histamines that trigger red, raised rashes on the skin, some of the other common symptoms include \tRashes (red in lighter skin tones and purple or brown in darker skin tones) \tItchy skin \tSwelling on cheeks, eyes, and lips \tRaised bumps How To Get Rid Of Hives Acute hives usually last for less than six months and can be easily cured with the help of antihistamines. Chronic hives last for more than 6 months and can even flare up again after treatment. The most effective way to get rid of baby hives is \tAvoid the triggers that might be causing baby hives. \tApply a cold compress to the affected area to relieve itching and irritation. \tConsult your baby’s pediatrician and they may prescribe oral antihistamines. 7. Slapped Cheek Syndrome Slapped cheek syndrome is also known as the Fifth Disease. It is a viral infection that can affect anyone but is more common in babies, and children. It is contagious and can spread from one person to another. It causes a red rash on the baby’s cheeks, but by the time the rash appears most of the symptoms of the virus are gone. Some symptoms of the virus that precede the rash: \tHigh temperature \tRunny nose \tSore throat After the rash appears on the face, a rash can also appear on the chest, back, arms, and legs. Treatment For Fifth Disease (Slapped Cheek Syndrome) In young children, the fifth disease clears up on its own within a few weeks. But you can ease your baby’s symptoms by following a few simple steps: \tGet your baby lots of rest. \tAvoid the sun \tKeep them hydrated \tApply a gentle moisturizer to the affected area to relieve itching and dryness. 8. Allergy Allergic reactions cause your baby’s cheeks to become red, and develop a rash on them. Allergic reaction is when the body’s immune system considers something dangerous for it, it releases a certain type of cells in the body. These cells as a reaction cause itching, irritation, redness, and rashes. Some common allergens that cause this reaction in babies are \tPet dander \tInsect bites \tPollen \tCigarette smoke \tChemicals in baby products \tPeanuts \tEgg \tMilk Apart from redness on the cheeks allergy may also cause a runny nose, watery eyes, hives, and upset stomach. Allergy Treatment If your baby is experiencing allergies then they require medical attention. Allergies can not be managed at home and require a proper treatment plan from a pediatrician. The doctor may prescribe \toral antihistamines to soothe rashes and irritation. \tInhaler if your baby is having trouble breathing \tEpiPen for emergency treatment \tDiagnose the triggers for allergies and ask you to avoid them. 9. Miliaria (Heat Rash) Miliaria is a common skin condition. The most common subtype of miliaria is miliaria rubra which is also known as heat rash, sweat rash, and prickly heat, it causes redness on baby’s cheeks.. Miliaria rubra is caused when the sweat glands in the skin get blocked. Due to this blockage, the sweat goes back into the epidermis–the topmost layer of skin. This results in red rashes on the baby’s skin and sometimes can cause small blisters. It is very common in babies as their sweat glands are not fully developed. According to American Family Physcian almost 40% of babies experience it during the first few months of their life. Some common triggers that can cause heat rash in babies are fever, overheating, a hot and humid environment. Heat rashes may appear anywhere on the body but are most common on the back, cheeks, chest, diaper area, and arm folds. It may appear as \tRed rash \tSmall spots on skin \tItchy skin \tBlisters filled with pus. Heat Rash Treatment \tLimit baby’s exposure to sun \tMake them wear loose-fitting and breathable clothes \tKeep your house and room cool in hot weather \tAvoid over-wrapping your baby in blankets and sheets \tPromote diaper-free time \tBath the baby in cool water. \tKeep your baby’s skin dry and moisturized. \tFor severe cases consult a doctor for further evaluation and treatment. When To Worry About A Rash On Child? Rash on baby’s skin no matter where it is, or how severe or mild can and should arouse concern for parents. Mild rashes may not cause much harm to the baby’s health but if they are left untreated they may lead to severe infection and bleeding of skin. If you suspect your baby is developing a rash on their cheeks and you are unsure about what might be causing it consult a pediatrician. The doctor will diagnose the issue and provide treatment for the baby if necessary. If you notice any of the following symptoms along with a red rash on baby’s cheeks immediately consult a doctor. \tHigh fever \tJoint pain \tSore throat \tPeeling of skin \tBreathing issues \tBruises or bleeding around the rash Conclusion Redness on baby cheeks is common among babies. Some develop them due to increased blood flow while they are crying or excited others may experience it due to a rash on the skin. There are many reasons that can cause skin rashes on a baby’s cheeks such as eczema, contact dermatitis, hives, slapped cheek syndrome (Fifth Disease), allergy, and heat rash. The treatment for a rash on a baby’s cheek depends on what is causing it. But one thing that remains essential in keeping a baby’s skin healthy is making sure it is well hydrated. If dry we advise frequent moisturizing with a moisturizing cream.