8 Types Of Eczema and Managing Skin Conditions

8 Types Of Eczema and Managing Skin Conditions

If you’ve been suffering from dry, itchy, and irritated skin, you could have Eczema, also referred to as Dermatitis. While eczema commonly affects young children, it can also be triggered later in life, appearing in adults in their 30s to 50s. 

What Does Eczema Look Like?

There are many different types of eczema, and symptoms can present at varying levels of severity. Generally, eczema symptoms include:

  • Intensely itchy skin
  • Dry skin
  • Skin flaking off, leaving a scaly or rough-textured appearance on the skin surface
  • Blotchy or red appearance of the skin
  • Bleeding skin
  • Blisters that ooze fluid or form crusts
  • Cracked skin

If you or your child has eczema, it is important to learn how to manage and prevent uncomfortable and sometimes painful symptoms properly. The first step is to determine which type of eczema you have.

Different Types of Eczema (Dermatitis)

The different kinds of eczema are:

  1. Atopic Dermatitis (most common)
  2. Contact Dermatitis
  3. Dyshidrotic Eczema
  4. Discoid Eczema (also known as Nummular Eczema)
  5. Seborrheic Dermatitis (commonly called “Cradle Cap” in babies)
  6. Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis (commonly called Sweaty Sock Syndrome)
  7. Varicose Eczema (also known as Venous, Gravitational, or Stasis Eczema)
  8. Asteatotic Eczema

1. Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis is the most common form of eczema and typically appears within the first six months of life. Normally, the condition goes away or becomes milder with time, but it is a chronic condition and may reappear as “eczema flare-ups” throughout your life.

Typical symptoms of atopic dermatitis are:

  • Rashes along the scalp or cheeks (in babies)
  • Rashes in the creases of elbows and knees or in the face, neck, and wrists
  • Crusted or oozing sores

People who have a family history of atopic dermatitis, hay fever, or asthma are more likely to develop it.

2. Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis occurs when you come into contact with something that irritates your skin. If you suffer from allergies, you may be more likely to experience this throughout your life. 

Contact dermatitis usually presents itself as 

  • Red rashes
  • Burning sensation
  • Swelling of skin 
  • Blisters that may ooze. 

Contact dermatitis is further divided into two categories. When dermatitis is caused by skin skin coming in contact with certain irritants it is known as irritant contact dermatitis. When the skin causes an allergic reaction to a certain allergen, it is known as allergic contact dermatitis.

Some common irritants and allergens that may induce contact dermatitis include:

  • Soaps
  • Fragrances
  • Synthetic ingredients in skin care products or detergents
  • Chemicals, solvents, paints
  • Pollen
  • Poison ivy
  • Pet dander
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Certain medications
  • Wool or other “itchy” fabric

3. Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic Eczema typically occurs on your hands and feet and is most common in young adults, equally affecting both men and women.  If you or your family has a medical history of hay fever, atopic dermatitis, or fungal skin infections, this may also increase your chances of experiencing dyshidrotic eczema.

Symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema are 

  • Blisters along the hands and feet 
  • The blisters can ooze and be painful.

Once the blisters clear, the skin typically becomes dry and cracked. Certain factors that can trigger dyshidrotic eczema are

  • Exposure to nickel, cobalt, and chromium salts
  • Stress
  • Allergies
  • Consistently damp hands and feet.

4. Nummular Eczema (Discoid Eczema)

Discoid Eczema, also known as Nummular Eczema or Nummular Dermatitis, is more typical in adults but can occur at any age. Discoid Eczema looks very different from other types of dermatitis, presenting itself as extremely itchy coin-shaped spots along the skin that may develop into dry, flaky patches of skin.

The exact causes are unknown, but common triggers of nummular eczema include:

  • Insect bites
  • Overexposed, dry skin
  • Skin infections or injuries (such as burns)
  • Medications
  • Sensitives to particular materials

5. Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic Dermatitis, also known as Dandruff or “Cradle Cap” in babies, is a chronic form of eczema that can occur at any time throughout a person’s life. It typically appears as greasy, irritated skin or as a thick, yellow-crusted patch that is difficult to remove. Seborrheic dermatitis can occur anywhere on the body but is most common in areas that produce a lot of natural oil, such as the scalp, upper back, and nose.

In adults, seborrheic dermatitis usually appears as white or yellow greasy flakes, and in babies, cradle cap appears as thick crusty scales that are more common on the scalp, forehead, and eyebrows. 

The exact cause is unknown, though researchers believe there is a link between the overproduction of Malassezia yeast and the dry, flaky symptoms of Seborrheic Dermatitis.  

6. Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis

Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis is commonly called Sweaty Sock Syndrome because it is believed to be caused by a loss of moisture and can worsen with excessive sweating and tight, non-breathable footwear. 

Toddlers and school-aged children are the most likely group to suffer from juvenile plantar dermatosis and usually experience redness, rashes, or scaly and cracked skin along the toes and soles of the feet. Treatments usually involve applying corticosteroids and thick emollients and wearing cotton socks to lock in the moisture.

7. Varicose Eczema (Stasis Dermatitis)

Varicose Eczema, also known as Venous, Gravitational, or Stasis Eczema is common in older, less active adults who also suffer from varicose veins. The first signs of varicose eczema may appear as small red-brown spots that appear in areas that are affected by weakened vein walls and slow blood flow. The spots can feel hot and itchy and may sometimes blister, become dry and flaky, and begin to “weep” or ooze.

8. Asteatotic Eczema

Asteatotic Eczema usually occurs in adults over the age of 60 and is believed to be due to progressively drier skin. Patients with asteatotic eczema usually experience dry, scaling, itchy, and sore skin that may create pink or red cracks along the skin. 

As with other types of dermatitis, the cause is unknown. However, exposure to dry or cold weather, hot baths, irritable soaps and detergents, and other factors seem to encourage an outbreak of asteatotic eczema.

Eczema Treatment

The best way to treat various types of eczema is by consulting with your doctor to determine which type you or your child has, and they will prescribe a treatment according to the condition. 

Eczema Shampoo

Dr. Eddie’s products for itching and irritation associated with eczema are specially formulated for children of all ages. Happy Cappy Daily Shampoo & Body Wash is infused with natural ingredients that help relieve itching and redness. 

It is dermatologist-tested, fragrance-free, dye-free, sulfate-free, and complies with the pediatric dermatologist’s recommendations for eczema. Bath once daily with this gentle eczema shampoo and body wash to help soothe the itching and irritation

Eczema Cream

Moisturizing is an essential part of managing eczema symptoms. When you are experiencing eczema, the skin becomes dry and sensitive, leading to itching. Moisturizing the skin twice daily with an eczema cream can help moisturize that dry skin and soothe itching. 

Try Happy Cappy Moisturizing Cream for Eczema. It is a non-greasy, fast-absorbing, clinically-tested moisturizing cream that helps restore the skin’s natural barrier and keeps it hydrated all day. It is free from any harsh chemicals and is hypoallergenic, so it will soothe the itching and eczema rashes without further irritating the skin.

Seborrheic Dermatitis Treatment

Happy Cappy Medicated Shampoo includes the active ingredient Pyrithione Zinc. Zinc Pyrithione is known as effective ingredient in managing itching, flaking, and crusting associated with seborrheic dermatitis, cradle cap, and dandruff.

Use this medicated shampoo once daily when the flaking and scaling is severe. Once the symptoms are relieved, use it 2 to 3 times a week or as prescribed by the pediatrician. 

Happy Cappy Medicated Shampoo for Children is the first shampoo that is specially formulated for babies and children’s sensitive skin. It can be used as shampoo, body wash, and face wash at the same time. 

It uses 95% natural ingredients, which means it can fight flaking, itching, and scaling associated with seborrheic dermatitis (also known as cradle cap) without irritating your baby’s skin.


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Dr. Eddie Valenzuela is an award winning pediatrician and the founder and CEO of Pediatric Solutions, LLC.

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What is the most common type of eczema in babies?

The most common type of eczema in babies is atopic dermatitis, which usually starts to affect them in the first year of their life.

Where is eczema most common in babies?

Eczema usually appears on the cheeks, outside of the elbows and knees, and not the diaper area. But eczema does not read textbooks or the internet and can appear on the wrist, ankles, and eyelids and on the hands, feet, and legs even in babies.

Can my baby have more than one type of eczema at the same time?

Yes, it is possible for babies and adults as well that they develop two different types of eczema at the same time on their bodies. Eczema is a word that encompasses many types of dermatitis and as life goes sometimes–you can be unlucky enough to have two problems at the same time.

Can eczema be mistaken for another disease?

Yes, eczema can be mistaken for other common skin conditions such as baby acne, ringworm, psoriasis, and skin infections.

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