What Is Atopic Dermatitis?

What is Atopic Dermatitis?

What Is Atopic Dermatitis?Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that affects adults and children alike. Characterized by red, itchy rashes that concentrate on the cheeks, arms, and legs, this uncomfortable chronic ailment is most common in children and generally begins in a child’s first six months.

Though often used synonymously with the term “eczema,” atopic dermatitis is a more specific diagnosis of eczema characterized by severe flare-ups interspersed between periods of improvement. However, as most pediatricians use “eczema” and “atopic dermatitis” interchangeably, they are colloquially considered the same.

Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis

The most common symptom is a dry, itchy, and red rash. However, atopic dermatitis symptoms and their severity can vary depending on age.

Infant atopic dermatitis can cause dry, itchy, or scaly skin, or a rash most typically encountered on the cheeks and more rarely on the scalp. Rashes on the outside of the knees and outside of the elbows are common in infancy. It may also lead to a rash that bubbles and weeps clear fluid depending on the intensity of the flare-up. Atopic dermatitis symptoms vary slightly in older children — they include rashes in elbow and knee creases, scaly skin patches, thick or leathery skin, discolored spots, severe dry skin, and rashes on the face and neck.

These uncomfortable symptoms can, in turn, lead to trouble sleeping or more rarely to skin infections from scratching that form pus-filled bumps or yellow crusts.

How to Treat Atopic Dermatitis

The exact cause of atopic dermatitis is unknown, and there is currently no known cure. However, several effective treatments exist to erase or ease symptoms during flare-ups.

Determining and avoiding triggers, or variables that cause flare-ups, is crucial. While triggers vary from child to child, the most common include:

Can it Get Infected?

The constant itchiness of Eczema in children is particularly hard for parents to manage because excessive scratching can occasionally lead to infection. You can tell skin has become infected when the red patches become extra-red and raw. Infection can also trigger blisters that may ooze or “weep” a clear fluid. These blisters can then get covered in a honey-colored crust. Some parents put mittens or socks on their baby’s hands to avoid harsh scratching.

While infected skin might look bad, it is good to know Eczema is not contagious. Your baby can’t “catch Eczema” nor infect anyone else. Eczema is a condition that definitely can run in the family.

More than half of children with Eczema will outgrow the condition. Those who continue to have flare-ups as adults will discover their rashes take on different characteristics and could go for years without symptoms.

  • Dry skin
  • Chemical irritants such as soaps, laundry detergents, disinfectants, and surface cleaners
  • Stress
  • Extreme heat or cold
  • Excess sweating

Regimens of OTC and prescription medications are also effective treatments. Use medication as prescribed to help treat symptoms during flare-ups. Treatments are most effective when used consistently and as directed.

How to Prevent Atopic Dermatitis

There are several ways to help reduce the frequency and severity of flare-ups.

Apply a hydrating, fragrance-free, and dye-free moisturizing ointment or cream twice a day shortly after bathing, and avoid dressing children in rough, tight, or scratchy clothing made from synthetics or wool. Light, lose, and breathable fabrics like cotton are best, and even better when washed in pure, unscented, and undyed soaps. Skip fabric softeners and consider running clothing through an extra rinse cycle.

A gentle shampoo for atopic dermatitis can go a long way towards preventing flare-ups. Dr. Eddie’s Happy Cappy Daily Shampoo & Body Wash is the only eczema shampoo and body wash formulated for children. It is a pure, non-soap cleanser with a low pH, is hypoallergenic, and is fragrance-free, as recommended by pediatric dermatologists. Ingredients are 95% plant-based and selected for their soothing properties, including Oatmeal Extract, Licorice Root Extract, and Aloe Vera.

If your child suffers from seborrheic dermatitis or dandruff, Dr. Eddie recommends Happy Cappy Medicated Shampoo & Body Wash, a pyrithione zinc shampoo for kids.

Both Happy Cappy Shampoo and Body Washes are vegan, cruelty-free, and clinically tested and safe for all kids and adults.

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Dr. Eddie Valenzuela is an award winning pediatrician and the founder and CEO of Pediatric Solutions, LLC.

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Will atopic dermatitis go away as the baby grows old?

Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a chronic skin condition, which means there are chances it may go away permanently once treated. And it may come again and again throughout their lives as flare-ups.

Can breast milk help with a baby’s eczema?

Rubbing breast milk on the affected area may help soothing redness, but it alone can not treat eczema in babies.

At what age is atopic dermatitis common in babies?

Early onset eczema is widespread in babies during the first year of their life. Almost 60% of atopic dermatitis cases start by that age.

What triggers atopic dermatitis in babies?

Atopic dermatitis is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. But a few things that may trigger atopic dermatitis and worsen its flare-ups are extreme weather and allergens. harsh chemicals in products, and infections.

Is my baby at risk of atopic dermatitis?

If eczema, asthma, or allergies run in your family history, your baby might be at risk of experiencing atopic dermatitis in the first few years of life. But don’t worry. It is widespread in babies and can be easily managed with the help of a medicated shampoo and eczema moisturizing cream.

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